Cambodia is situated in the southern segment of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometers (69,898 square miles) in territory, circumscribed by Thailand toward the northwest, Laos toward the upper east, Vietnam toward the east, and the Gulf of Thailand toward the southwest.
Cambodia has a populace of more than 15 million. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, drilled by roughly 95 percent of the populace. The nation's minority bunches incorporate Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams, and 30 slope tribes. The capital and biggest city is Phnom Penh, the political, financial, and social focal point of Cambodia. The kingdom is a sacred government with Norodom Sihamoni, a ruler picked by the Royal Throne Council, as head of state. The head of government is Hun Sen, who is at present the longest serving non-imperial pioneer in South East Asia and has ruled Cambodia for more than 25 years
In 802 AD, Jayavarman II pronounced himself ruler, joining the warring Khmer rulers of Chenla under the name "Kambuja". This denoted the start of the Khmer Empire which thrived for more than 600 years, enabling progressive lords to control and apply impact over a lot of Southeast Asia and aggregate enormous influence and riches. The Indianized kingdom fabricated great sanctuaries including Angkor Wat, now a World Heritage Site, and encouraged the spread of first Hinduism, then Buddhism to quite a bit of Southeast Asia. After the fall of Angkor to Ayutthaya in the fifteenth century, a decreased and debilitated Cambodia was then governed as a vassal state by its neighbors. In 1863 Cambodia turned into a protectorate of France which multiplied the measure of the nation by recovering the north and west from Thailand.
Cambodia picked up autonomy in 1953. The Vietnam War stretched out into the nation with the US shelling of Cambodia from 1969 until 1973. Taking after the Cambodian upset of 1970, the removed lord gave his support to his previous adversaries, the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge risen as a noteworthy power, taking Phnom Penh in 1975 and later doing the Cambodian Genocide from 1975 until 1979, when they were removed by Vietnam and the Vietnamese-supported People's Republic of Kampuchea in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1979–91). Taking after the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, Cambodia was represented quickly by a United Nations mission (1992–93). The UN pulled back subsequent to holding decisions in which around 90 percent of the enlisted voters cast tickets. The 1997 upset put control exclusively in the hands of Prime Minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party, who stay in power starting at 2017.